-Neurosis definition-[/whohit |
Neurosis – definition
Neuroses are a group of psychogenic diseases with either (a) Psychological symptoms or (b) Somatic disorders or (c) Impairment of certain areas of personality.
Neurosis: psychological symptoms
- Histrionic behaviours
Neurosis: somatic disorders
- Psychosomatic disorders
Neurosis: impairment of personality areas
- Emotional lability
Sigmund Freud defined neuroses in a narrower sense to mean a mild mental disorder caused by a conflict. As such, he contrasted neuroses with psychoses (as more severe mental disorders). In the meantime, the term „neurosis“ has largely been abandoned. The main reasons for this are that a differentiated view made it easier to do justice to the various types of disorders summarized under „neuroses“. In addition, the theoretical assumptions on the psychological and physical causes of neuroses in the form formulated by Freud did not hold up.
Psychodynamics regards neuroses as predominantly environmental diseases with the above characteristics.
In the cognitive-behavioral approaches, the neuroses, like other mental disorders, are described as mismatched and learned behaviours and attitudes („Neuroses are unreasonable behavior of reasonable people.“)